Paper Template

Authors are provided with paper template, which is downloadable here. Authors are encouraged to use and edit the template, rather than developing their own file.


Paper must be written either in standard American or British English. There should be consistency in the use of the language throughout the paper. Use UK or US spelling (with ‘ize’ variant). This means that the words ending with ‘ise’, ‘isation’, etc. will be spelt with ‘z’ (e.g., ‘recognize’, ‘organize’, ‘civilize’, etc.)

Paper Size and Margin

The paper must be A4, single column format with 2.5 cm top, bottom, left, and right margins. All texts, figures, tables must be kept within the margins.

Text Layout

The paper must be typed in single spacing. Use extra line spacing between paragraphs, equations, illustrations, figures and tables. The body of the text should be prepared using Times New Roman. The font size used for preparation of the manuscript must be 12 point. The first paragraph following a heading should not be indented.

Length of Paper

The length of the paper should be between 6,000 and 10,000 words, excluding references and appendices.


Abbreviations should be defined upon the first instance in the text; the abbreviated form can be used thereafter.


Use a comma after e.g. and i.e. in parenthesis. However, in the main text, use ‘that is’ and ‘for example’, followed by a comma.
Oxford/Serial Commas: NO serial commas; can be used only in long sentences if required for clarity.
Thousandth separator: Yes (for 5 digits and above); Example: 1000 but 10,000.

Quotation Marks

Single inverted commas need to be used, and double quotations only within single inverted commas. Double quotes if the quoted matter is a direct quote made by someone.
Block quotes: Quotations with 45 words or more should be pulled out as a separate paragraph.
Please provide the source name for each block quote.


First level:

Second level:

Third level:


Numbers 1–9: Spelled out (one, two, three… etc.)
Numbers 10 & above: Numerals (10, 11, 12… etc.)
For exact measurements, use only figures (5 km, 4 percent)
Percentages: 9 percent in the text; 9% in tables/figures/illustrations/parenthesis
Fractions: Spelled out; e.g., two-fourth, one-third
Twentieth century, but 1980s

Font Style and Size

Font style must be Times New Roman in the entire research paper. The use of other font styles is not allowed, except for special characters. The major font size and style should be:
- Heading 1: 12-point, bold, title case, single space, and left align. Spacing before and after are 18-point and 6-point, respectively.
1. Font Size and Title.

- Heading 2: 12-point, bold, sentence case, single space, and left align. Spacing before and after are 12-point and 6-point, respectively.
1.1. Font size and title

- Heading 3: 12-point, italic, sentence case, single space, and left align. Spacing before and after are 12-point and 6-point, respectively.
1.1.1. Font size and title

- Body text: 12-point, sentence style, justified, spacing after is 8-point.

Arrangement of Paper

The paper should be arranged in the following order: title, authors’ names, authors’ affiliation, email of corresponding author, abstract, keywords, body of the paper, acknowledgment, funding, references, and appendices (if any).


Title should be concise, informative, brief and reflect what the paper is all about. Uncommon abbreviation should be avoided. The title must be titlecase, bolded, center and 14-point font size.

Authors and Affiliation

The author's name(s) is also centered on the page (font size 12-point). A blank line is required between the title and the author's name(s). Names should be spelled out in full and succeeded by author's initials. The author's affiliation and/or complete mailing address (all in font size 11-point, italic) are provided below. Corresponding author and his/her email address should be stated. He/she will handle the correspondence at all stages of publication and post-publication. Refer to the paper template.

Abstract and Keywords

The abstract should identify clearly and succinctly the motivation and purpose of the research, the methods used, the results obtained and the significance of the results or findings. The abstract should be written in one paragraph of 150-250 words, single spacing. Three to five keywords (separated by comma) at the bottom of the abstract should be included. All the keywords should be written in lower case, except only for proper nouns.

Body Structure

The body of paper is subdivided into introduction, literature review, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusion and implication of study.


Tables are labeled consecutively, regardless the section in which they appear. For example, Table 1, Table 2, Table 3, and so forth. The title is placed above the table and left aligned.


Figures such as map, charts, graphs, diagrams, photographs should be labeled consecutively from Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3, and so forth, regardless the section in which they appear. The title is placed below the figure and left aligned.


Mathematical equations should be typed by using equation function in MS Word. Symbols used in the equation should be defined before or immediately following the equation. All the equations should be numbered consecutively as they appear in the text by using Arabic numeral, including parentheses and right align. The equations should be referred in the text of paper by their numbers only.

Acknowledgements (UK) / Acknowledgement (US)

The author(s) must use this section to thank people who helped him/her with the completion of studies or preparation of the paper. This can include anyone who provided technical assistance to the author or someone who had a helpful discussion with him/her, etc.

Placement: Before the ‘References’ section.


This section can be used by the author to acknowledge the funding agency, if any, followed by the grant number in square brackets. Multiple grant numbers should be separated by comma, and where the work was supported by more than one agency, the different agencies should be separated with semi-colon with an ‘and’ before the final funder.

Placement: After the ‘Acknowledgements’ section.

Citations and References

Citations and references must follow APA 6th style based on APA 6th Publication Manual. Authors are encouraged to use referencing manager, such as EndNote and Mendeley.